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1 . Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

New York, 9 December 1948 1

 12 Oct 1950 a

Sri Lanka 6 February 1951 "The Government of Ceylon does not accept the reservations made by Romania to the Convention."

2 . International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

New York, 7 March 1966 18 Feb 1982 a

2 .a Amendment to article 8 of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

New York, 15 January 1992

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3 . International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

New York, 16 December 1966

 11 Jun 1980 a

3 .a Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

New York, 10 December 2008

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4 . International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

New York, 16 December 1966

 11 Jun 1980 a

 Declarations recognizing the competence of the Human Rights Committee under article 41 36 

(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations were made upon ratification, accession or succession.)

Sri Lanka "The Government of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka declares under article 41 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights that it recognizes the competence of the Human Rights Committee to receive and consider communications to the effect that a State Party claims that another State Party is not fulfilling its obligations under the Covenant, from another State Party which has similarly declared under article 41 its recognition of the Committee's competence in respect to itself."

5 . Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

New York, 16 December 1966 3 Oct 1997 a

Declarations and Reservations (Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were made upon ratification, accession or succession.)

Sri Lanka

Declaration:

"The Government of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka pursuant to article (1) of the Optional Protocol recognises the competence of the Human Rights Committee to receive and consider communications from individuals subject to the jurisdiction of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, who claim to be victims of a violation of any of the rights set forth in the Covenant which results either from acts, omissions, developments or events occurring after the date on which the Protocol entered into force for the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka or from a decision relating to acts, omissions, developments or events after that date. The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka also proceeds on the understanding that the Committee shall not consider any communication from individuals unless it has ascertained that the same matter is not being examined or has not been examined under another procedure of international investigation or settlement."

ICCPR, Article 4(3). The rights under the ICCPR can be derogated from only where the signatory state has informed other member states through the auspices of the secretary-general of the United Nations. Sri Lanka has formally derogated in 1984, 1989, and 2000.

Since 1984 the Sri Lankan government has repeatedly declared a state of emergency in the country. Under the ICCPR, states are allowed to suspend temporarily (or derogate from) certain provisions during an officially proclaimed “public emergency which threatens the life of the nation,” but only to the extent strictly necessary under the circumstances.36 However, certain rights, including the right to life and protection from torture, are consider non–derogable and thus can never be suspended.37 The Declaration on Enforced Disappearances unequivocally states that “no circumstances whatsoever, whether a threat of war, a state of war, internal political instability or any other public emergency, may be invoked to justify enforced disappearances.”38 37 ICCPR, Article 4 (2). 38 Declaration on the Protection of all Persons from Enforced Disappearances, Article 7.

7 . International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid

New York, 30 November 1973

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8 . Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

New York, 18 December 1979 1

17 Jul 1980

 5 Oct 1981 

8 .a Amendment to article 20, paragraph 1 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

New York, 22 December 1995

8 .b Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

New York, 6 October 1999 15 Oct 2002 a

9 . Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

New York, 10 December 1984

 3 Jan 1994 a

11 . Convention on the Rights of the Child

New York, 20 November 1989

26 Jan 1990 12 Jul 1991

11 .a Amendment to article 43 (2) of the Convention on the Rights of the Child

New York, 12 December 1995

29 Feb 2000 A

11 .b Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict

New York, 25 May 2000

21 Aug 2000

 8 Sep 2000 

Sri Lanka

Declaration:

“The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka [...] declares in accordance with article 3 (2) of [the Protocol] that under the laws of Sri Lanka: (a) there is no compulsory, forced or coerced recruitment into the national armed forces; (b) recruitment is solely on a voluntary basis; (c) the minimum age for voluntary recruitment into national armed forces is 18 years.”

11 .c Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography

New York, 25 May 2000

 8 May 2002 

22 Sep 2006

13 . International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families

New York, 18 December 1990

11 Mar 1996 a

Sri Lanka

Declarations:

Article 8 (2): "The right of non-Sri Lankans to enter and remain in Sri Lanka shall be subject to existing visa regulations. Article 29: According to the citizenship Act No. 18 of 1948, citizenship rights flow from the father and in the event a child is born out of wedlock, from the mother. A child will be deemed to be a citizen of Sri Lanka if he and his father were born in Sri Lanka before 1.11.49 or if at the time of his birth the father was a Sri Lankan. Article 49: Resident visas to expatriate workers are allowed in respect of identified professions where there is a dearth of qualified personnel. Existing visa regulations do not permit migrant workers either to change their professions or the institutions in which they have been authorised to work, which is the basis on which the visa is issued. Article 54: Protection against dismissal, quantum of remuneration, period of employment, etc., are governed by the terms of individual contracts entered into between the worker and the organisation which employs him. A visa issued to an expatriate worker under the visa regulations is limited to a pre-identified job assignment."

15 . Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

New York, 13 December 2006

30 Mar 2007

15 .a Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

New York, 13 December 2006

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16 . International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance

New York, 20 December 2006

- The Convention against Enforced Disappearances will come into effect one month after 20 ratifications. Albania on November 8, 2007, became the first country to ratify the convention. See ratifikation Sri Lanka has not yet signed the Convention against Enforced Disappearances. A number of nongovernmental organizations have called on Sri Lanka to do so in order to demonstrate its commitment to ending and preventing the “disappearances.” See e.g., “Sri Lanka - ICJ urges Sri Lanka to ratify Convention against Enforced Disappearances,” International Commission of Jurists, press release, January 24, 2007,